Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.002418
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Case Report

Síndrome de Lemierre: relato de caso

Lemierre syndrome: case report

Rodrigo de Oliveira Veras, Linda Luísa Barasuol, Carolina Pedrassani de Lira, Flávia Caroline Klostermann, Lourenço Sabo Müller, Luiz Eduardo Nercolini, Gustavo Fabiano Nogueira

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Resumo

A síndrome de Lemierre caracteriza-se pela tromboflebite séptica da veia jugular interna, após uma orofaringite, com embolização séptica para o pulmão ou outros órgãos. Neste relato de caso, apresentamos uma paciente feminina, 37 anos de idade, com história de edema e dor em hemiface direita há três dias, associada a fadiga e dispneia progressiva há um dia. História de extração dentária do elemento 48 há três dias. No exame físico admissional, apresentava-se taquipneica, saturando 60% (em ar ambiente), com edema em ângulo da mandíbula direita, redução difusa do murmúrio vesicular e panturrilhas sem empastamento. Angiotomografia de tórax e exames laboratoriais foram compatíveis com quadro de embolia séptica, e tomografia computadorizada da cervical corroborou o diagnóstico de tromboflebite séptica da veia jugular interna. Foi tratada com antibióticos e sintomáticos. A síndrome de Lemierre afeta mais homens jovens e tem embolização para o pulmão em até 97% dos casos. Extrações dentárias raramente podem ser a etiologia dessa síndrome. A tomografia computadorizada é o método de imagem mais utilizado no diagnóstico, e o tratamento é, essencialmente, com antibióticos; portanto, a abordagem cirúrgica é raramente necessária.

Palavras-chave

síndrome de Lemierre; extração dentária; tromboflebite; embolia pulmonar

Abstract

Lemierre syndrome is characterized by septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, after an oropharyngeal infection, with septic embolization to the lungs or other organs. This case report describes a 37-year-old female patient who presented with edema and pain in the right hemiface with onset 3 days previously and progressive fatigue and dyspnea since the previous day. She had had tooth 48 extracted 3 days previously. Physical examination at admission found tachypnea, with 60% saturation (in room air), edema at the angle of the right mandible, diffuse reduction of vesicular murmur, and calves free from clubbing. Angiotomography of the chest and laboratory tests were compatible with septic emboli, and cervical computed tomography confirmed a diagnosis of septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. She was managed with antibiotics and given treatment for her symptoms. Lemierre syndrome most often occurs in young men and there is embolization to the lungs in up to 97% of cases. Rarely, the etiology of this syndrome may be tooth extraction. Computed tomography is the imaging method most often used for diagnosis and treatment is basically antibiotic. Surgery is thus rarely necessary.

Keywords

Lemierre syndrome; tooth extraction; thrombophlebitis; pulmonary embolism.

References

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