Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.005818
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Case Report

Duplo aneurisma de artéria mesentérica superior: relato de caso

Double aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery: case report

Cristiano Torres Bortoluzzi, Orli Franzon, Rodrigo Viana, Letícia Mattiello, Anderson Henrique da Silva Stahelin

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Resumo

Os aneurismas de artéria mesentérica superior são raros, representando menos de 0,5% de todos os aneurismas intra-abdominais. São causados principalmente por aterosclerose e por êmbolos sépticos decorrentes de endocardite bacteriana. Apesar de incomuns, são considerados graves, devido a possíveis complicações como ruptura com hemorragia e isquemia intestinal. Com consequências potencialmente devastadoras, o diagnóstico e o tratamento em tempo hábil são essenciais para se otimizarem os resultados. Ainda sem um consenso bem definido, os tratamentos propostos envolvem cirurgia convencional, terapia endovascular e conduta expectante com exames periódicos. Este trabalho relata o caso de um homem de 58 anos, assintomático, com achado incidental e incomum de dois aneurismas de artéria mesentérica superior. Perante uma anatomia desfavorável à abordagem endovascular, foi realizado o tratamento cirúrgico aberto, utilizando-se prótese de dácron na reconstrução arterial, com sucesso.

Palavras-chave

artéria mesentérica superior; aneurisma; prótese de dácron.

Abstract

Superior mesenteric artery aneurysms are rare, accounting for less than 0.5% of all intra-abdominal aneurysms. They are mainly caused by atherosclerosis and septic emboli resulting from bacterial endocarditis. Although uncommon, these aneurysms are considered dangerous because of possible complications such as rupture with hemorrhage and intestinal ischemia. Since the consequences can be very serious, early diagnosis and treatment are essential to improve outcomes. Although there is no well-defined consensus, recommended treatments include open surgery, endovascular therapy, and watchful waiting with periodic examinations. In this article we report the case of an asymptomatic 58-year-old man with an incidental and unusual finding of two superior mesenteric artery aneurysms. Since anatomy was not favorable for an endovascular approach, open surgery was performed, using a dacron graft to successfully repair the artery.

Keywords

superior mesenteric artery; aneurysm; dacron graft.

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