Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.007517
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Case Report

Aneurisma isolado de artéria femoral superficial roto contido: relato de caso

Isolated ruptured aneurysm of the superficial femoral artery: case report

Daiane Cristina Ferreira Damasceno, Júlio Beserra Evaristo, Geraldo Felipe Júnior, André Luiz Guimarães Câmara, Cláudio Eluan Kalume, Alcides José Araújo Ribeiro, Leonardo Pires de Sá Nóbrega

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Resumo

Aneurismas verdadeiros isolados da artéria femoral superficial (AFS) são eventos raros. Manifestam-se principalmente em homens idosos e frequentemente estão associados a outros aneurismas. Possuem etiologia variada e costumam ser detectados quando apresentam complicações como trombose, embolização distal ou, mais raramente, ruptura. O presente caso refere-se a um paciente cujo aneurisma de AFS se apresentou roto contido e sem associações com outros aneurismas. Foram realizados eco-Doppler colorido arterial, que diagnosticou a ruptura, e angiotomografia, que evidenciou aneurisma sacular de AFS medindo 11,4 × 8,8 cm, com grande trombo mural. Uma arteriografia foi utilizada para programação de revascularização, e detectou-se leito distal via artéria tibial anterior. O paciente foi submetido a revascularização cirúrgica convencional eletiva em artéria femoropoplítea distal com veia safena ipsilateral invertida, com sucesso. Apresentou como complicação pós-operatória infecção de sítio cirúrgico. A pesquisa microbiológica teve resultado negativo, e o estudo anatomopatológico confirmou aneurisma verdadeiro da AFS.

Palavras-chave

artéria femoral superficial; aneurisma roto; cirurgia.

Abstract

Isolated true aneurysms of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) are rare events. They mostly manifest in elderly men and are frequently seen in conjunction with other aneurysms. They have varied etiology and are usually detected when they complicate with thrombosis or distal embolization, or, more rarely, when they rupture. The present case report describes a patient with an aneurysm of the SFA that was ruptured and contained and who had no other aneurysms. Color Doppler ultrasound of the arteries revealed the rupture and angiotomography showed a saccular aneurysm of the SFA measuring 11.4 × 8.8 cm, with a large mural thrombus. Arteriography was used to plan revascularization and showed the distal bed with outflow via the anterior tibial artery. The patient was treated with conventional elective distal femoropopliteal surgical revascularization with the ipsilateral saphenous vein inverted, which was successful. Recovery was complicated by a postoperative surgical site infection. Microbiology tests were negative and the anatomopathological study confirmed a true aneurysm of the SFA.

Keywords

superficial femoral artery; ruptured aneurysm; surgery

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