Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.008515
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Review Article

Ingestão de ácidos graxos monoinsaturados e metabolismo lipídico

Monounsaturated fatty acid intake and lipid metabolism

Lílian Lelis Lopes; Maria do Carmo Gouveia Peluzio; Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff

Downloads: 1
Views: 930

Resumo

Resumo Esta revisão teve como objetivo apresentar e discutir os achados mais recentes do efeito dos ácidos graxos monoinsaturados (AGMI) sobre marcadores plasmáticos do metabolismo lipídico em estudos pós-prandiais e de intervenção clínica nutricional. Realizou-se busca em diferentes bases de dados entre 2010 e 2014, usando os seguintes termos de indexação: MUFA, Lipemia, Lipid Metabolism, Triglycerides e Postprandial. O consumo de refeição com alto conteúdo de AGMI tem demonstrado efeito benéfico na resposta lipidêmica pós-prandial, mas se essa resposta pode ser alterada em indivíduos com excesso de peso e/ou outras doenças crônicas após consumo de AGMI, ainda não está totalmente elucidado. De modo geral, após a intervenção com AGMI, os fatores de risco cardiovascular diminuíram, além de haver melhora no perfil lipídico. Em conclusão, os estudos recentes têm demonstrado um efeito benéfico do consumo de AGMI em curto e longo prazos, mediante aumento/manutenção das concentrações de HDL colesterol e diminuição do LDL colesterol.

Palavras-chave

ácidos graxos monoinsaturados, triacilgliceróis, ácido oleico, doenças cardiovasculares

Abstract

Abstract The objective of this review is to present and discuss the most recent findings related to the effects of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) on plasma markers of lipid metabolism observed in postprandial studies and clinical nutritional intervention studies. Searches were conducted on several different databases for publications from 2010 to 2014 using the following keywords: MUFA, Lipemia, Lipid Metabolism, Triglycerides and Postprandial. High-MUFA meal has presented beneficial effect on postprandial lipidemia response, but it is not yet completely clear whether this response to MUFA intake may be different in people with excess weight and/or other chronic diseases. In general, cardiovascular risk factors were reduced and lipid profiles improved after interventions with MUFA. In conclusion, recent studies have demonstrated that consuming MUFA has beneficial effects at short and long time by increasing/maintaining HDL-cholesterol concentrations and reducing levels of LDL cholesterol.

Keywords

monounsaturated fatty acids, triacylglycerol, oleic acid, cardiovascular diseases

References

Perez-Martinez P, Ordovas JM, Garcia-Rios A. Consumption of diets with different type of fat influences triacylglycerols-rich lipoproteins particle number and size during the postprandial state. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2011;21(1):39-45.

Lozano A, Perez-Martinez P, Marin C. An acute intake of a walnut-enriched meal improves postprandial adiponectin response in healthy young adults. Nutr Res. 2013;33(12):1012-8.

Chan DC, Pang J, Romic G, Watts GF. Postprandial hypertriglyceridemia and cardiovascular disease: current and future therapies. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2013;15(3):309.

Katsanos CS. Clinical considerations and mechanistic determinants of postprandial lipemia in older adults. Adv Nutr. 2014;5(3):226-34.

Bressan J, Hermsdorff HH, Zulet MA, Martínez JA. Hormonal and inflammatory impact of different dietetic composition: emphasis on dietary patterns and specific dietary factors. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2009;53(5):572-81.

Oi-Kano Y, Kawada T, Watanabe T. Extra virgin olive oil increases uncoupling protein 1 content in brown adipose tissue and enhances noradrenaline and adrenaline secretions in rats. J Nutr Biochem. 2007;18(10):685-92.

Jiménez-Gómez Y, Marín C, Peérez-Martínez P. A low-fat, high-complex carbohydrate diet supplemented with long-chain (n-3) fatty acids alters the postprandial lipoprotein profile in patients with metabolic syndrome. J Nutr. 2010;140(9):1595-601.

Hartwich J, Leszczynska-Golabek I, Kiec-Wilk B. Lipoprotein profile, plasma ischemia modified albumin and LDL density change in the course of postprandial lipemia. Insights from the LIPGENE study. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2010;70(3):201-8.

Bouwens M, Grootte Bromhaar M, Jansen J, Müller M, Afman LA. Postprandial dietary lipid-specific effects on human peripheral blood mononuclear cell gene expression profiles. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91(1):208-17.

Lopez S, Bermudez B, Ortega A. Effects of meals rich in either monounsaturated or saturated fat on lipid concentrations and on insulin secretion and action in subjects with high fasting triglyceride concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011;93(3):494-9.

Teng KT, Nagapan G, Cheng HM, Nesaretnam K. Palm olein and olive oil cause a higher increase in postprandial lipemia compared with lard but had no effect on plasma glucose, insulin and adipocytokines. Lipids. 2011;46(4):381-8.

Lozano A, Perez-Martinez P, Delgado-Lista J. Body mass interacts with fat quality to determine the postprandial lipoprotein response in healthy young adults. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2012;22(4):355-61.

Van Dijk S, Feskens E, Bos MB. Consumption of a high monounsaturated fat diet reduces oxidative phosphorylation gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of abdominally overweight. J Nutr. 2012;142(7):1219-25.

Raz O, Steinvil A, Berliner S, Rosenzweig T, Justo D, Shapira I. The effect of two iso-caloric meals containing equal amounts of fats with a different fat composition on the inflammatory and metabolic markers in apparently healthy volunteers. J Inflamm. 2013;10(1):3.

Pietraszek A, Gregersen S, Pedersen SB, Holst JJ, Hermansen K. Acute effects of monounsaturated fat on postprandial lipemia and gene expression in first-degree relatives of subjects with type 2 diabetes. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014;68(9):1022-8.

Cabello-Moruno R, Martinez-Force E, Montero E, Perona JS. Minor components of olive oil facilitate the triglyceride clearance from postprandial lipoproteins in a polarity-dependent manner in healthy men. Nutr Res. 2014;34(1):40-7.

Adams TH, Walzem RL, Smith DR, Tseng S, Smith SB. Hamburger high in total, saturated and trans-fatty acids decreases HDL cholesterol and LDL particle diameter, and increases TAG, in mildly hypercholesterolaemic men. Br J Nutr. 2010;103(1):91-8.

Gillingham LG, Gustafson JA, Han S-Y, Jassal DS, Jones PJH. High-oleic rapeseed (canola) and flaxseed oils modulate serum lipids and inflammatory biomarkers in hypercholesterolaemic subjects. Br J Nutr. 2011;105(3):417-27.

Gilmore LA, Walzem RL, Crouse SF. Consumption of high-oleic acid ground beef increases HDL-cholesterol concentration but both high- and low-oleic acid ground beef decrease HDL particle diameter in normocholesterolemic men. J Nutr. 2011;141(6):1188-94.

AlSaleh A, O’Dell SD, Frost GS. Interaction of PPARG Pro12Ala with dietary fat influences plasma lipids in subjects at cardiometabolic risk. J Lipid Res. 2011;52(12):2298-303.

Baxheinrich A, Stratmann B, Lee-Barkey YH, Tschoepe D, Wahrburg U. Effects of a rapeseed oil-enriched hypoenergetic diet with a high content of α-linolenic acid on body weight and cardiovascular risk profile in patients with the metabolic syndrome. Br J Nutr. 2012;108(4):682-91.

Bozzetto L, De Natale C, Di Capua L. The association of hs-CRP with fasting and postprandial plasma lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes is disrupted by dietary monounsaturated fatty acids. Acta Diabetol. 2013;50(2):273-6.

Phillips CM, Tierney AC, Perez-Martinez P. Obesity and body fat classification in the metabolic syndrome: impact on cardiometabolic risk metabotype. Obesity. 2013;21(1):154-61.

Nishi S, Kendall CWC, Gascoyne A. Effect of almond consumption on the serum fatty acid profile : a dose – response study. Br J Nutr. 2014;112(7):1137-46.

Bozzetto L, Annuzzi G, Costabile G. A CHO/fibre diet reduces and a MUFA diet increases postprandial lipaemia in type 2 diabetes: no supplementary effects of low-volume physical training. Acta Diabetol. 2014;51(3):385-93.

Santos R, Gagliardi A, Xavier H, Magnoni C, Cassani R, Lottenberg AI. Diretriz sobre o consumo de gorduras e saúde cardiovascular. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2013;100(3):1-40.

Xavier HT, Izar MC, Faria No JR. V Diretriz Brasileira de Dislipidemias e Prevenção da Aterosclerose. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2013;101(4^sSupl 1):1-20.

Wang YI, Bettaieb A, Sun C. Triglyceride-rich lipoprotein modulates endothelial vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 expression via differential regulation of endoplasmic reticulum stress. PLoS One. 2013;8(10):1-13.

Nordestgaard BG, Benn M, Schnohr P, Tybjaerg-Hansen A. Nonfasting triglycerides and risk of myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, and death in men and women. JAMA. 2007;298(3):299-308.

Varela LM, Ortega-Gomez A, Lopez S, Abia R, Muriana FJG, Bermudez B. The effects of dietary fatty acids on the postprandial triglyceride-rich lipoprotein/apoB48 receptor axis in human monocyte/macrophage cells. J Nutr Biochem. 2013;24(12):2031-9.

Van Dijk SJ, Mensink M, Esser D, Feskens EJM, Müller M, Afman LA. Responses to high-fat challenges varying in fat type in subjects with different metabolic risk phenotypes: a randomized trial. PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e41388.

Petto J, Vasques LMR, Pinheiro RL. Comparison of postprandial lipemia between women who are on oral contraceptive methods and those who are not. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2014;103(3):245-50.

Sales-Campos H, Souza PR, Peghini BC, Silva JS, Cardoso CR. An overview of the modulatory effects of oleic acid in health and disease. Mini Rev Med Chem. 2013;13(2):201-10.

Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV)"> Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV)">
5de6c4530e8825a236e3e9cf jvb Articles
Links & Downloads

J Vasc Bras

Share this page
Page Sections