Prevalência de compressão da veia ilíaca esquerda em imagens tomográficas de uma população
Prevalence of left iliac vein compression on computed tomography scans from a population
Mateus Picada Corrêa; Guilherme Soldatelli Kurtz; Larissa Bianchini; Lauren Copatti; Marcelo Ribeiro; Jaber Nashat Saleh; Rafael Stevan Noel; Julio Cesar Bajerski
Background: May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) is defined as compression of the left iliac vein between the right iliac artery and the lumbar vertebral body in the presence of signs and symptoms of unilateral left chronic venous insufficiency. However, imaging findings of compression are not manifest in symptoms of the syndrome in all subjects. Objectives: To evaluate findings of compression in an asymptomatic population. Methods: Computed tomography angiographies or venous phase computed tomographies were analyzed. Demographic data and reason for the exam were recorded. Vein diameter was measured at the site of greatest compression and distal of the compression and the ratio between the two diameters was calculated. Results: From January to July of 2016, 590 computed tomography scans were analyzed (357 women and 233 men). Left iliac compression was found in 14.74% of patients. Patients with a left iliac diameter below the 5mm threshold had a mean diameter at the site of greatest iliac vein compression of 4.4 mm (range: 2.67 mm-4.97 mm). The ratio between the two measurements was < 0.5 in 30% of patients. Conclusions: Our study suggests that iliac vein compression is common among random patients who have had computed tomography for any other reason. This indicates that compression found on tomography images is not the only finding to consider when treating a patient.
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