Effectiveness and safety of structured exercise vs. no exercise for asymptomatic aortic aneurysm: systematic review and meta-analysis
Efetividade e segurança de exercícios estruturados versus sem exercício em pacientes assintomáticos com aneurisma de aorta: revisão sistemática e metanálise
Ricardo de Ávila Oliveira; Eliza Nakajima; Vladimir Tonello de Vasconcelos; Rachel Riera; José Carlos Costa Baptista-Silva
Resumo: Foi realizada revisão sistemática para comparar a efetividade e a segurança de exercícios versus não exercícios em pacientes assintomáticos com aneurisma de aorta. Usamos os termos MeSH aortic aneurysm e exercise para as bases MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, LILACS, PeDRO, CINAHL, clinicaltrials.gov, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) e OpenGrey. Foram obtidas 1.189 referências. Cinco ensaios clínicos foram incluídos. Não houve morte ou rotura associada ao exercício. Além disso, este não reduziu a velocidade de crescimento do aneurisma em 12 semanas a 12 meses [diferença de médias (DM) −0,05; intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%) −0,13 a 0,03]. Seis semanas de exercícios pré-operatórios reduziram complicações clínicas renais e cardíacas (razão de risco 0,54; IC95% 0,31–0,93) e a permanência em unidade de terapia intensiva (DM −1,00; IC95% −1,26 a −0,74). Caminhadas nos períodos pré e pós-operatório reduziram a permanência hospitalar. A evidência foi classificada como de muito baixa qualidade.
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