Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.190086
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Review Article

Effectiveness and safety of structured exercise vs. no exercise for asymptomatic aortic aneurysm: systematic review and meta-analysis

Efetividade e segurança de exercícios estruturados versus sem exercício em pacientes assintomáticos com aneurisma de aorta: revisão sistemática e metanálise

Ricardo de Ávila Oliveira; Eliza Nakajima; Vladimir Tonello de Vasconcelos; Rachel Riera; José Carlos Costa Baptista-Silva

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Abstract

Abstract: We conducted a systematic review to compare the effectiveness and safety of exercise versus no exercise for patients with asymptomatic aortic aneurysm. We followed the guidelines set out in the Cochrane systematic review handbook. We searched Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, LILACS, PeDRO, CINAHL, clinicaltrials.gov, ICTRP, and OpenGrey using the MeSH terms “aortic aneurysm” and “exercise”. 1189 references were identified. Five clinical trials were included. No exercise-related deaths or aortic ruptures occurred in these trials. Exercise did not reduce the aneurysm expansion rate at 12 weeks to 12 months (mean difference [MD], −0.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], −0.13 to 0.03). Six weeks of preoperative exercise reduced severe renal and cardiac complications (risk ratio, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.31–0.93) and the length of intensive care unit stay (MD, −1.00; 95% CI, −1.26 to −0.74). Preoperative and postoperative forward walking reduced the length of hospital stay (MD, −0.69; 95% CI, −1.24 to −0.14). The evidence was graded as ‘very low’ level.

Keywords

aortic aneurysm, abdominal aortic aneurysm, exercise, postoperative complications

Resumo

Resumo: Foi realizada revisão sistemática para comparar a efetividade e a segurança de exercícios versus não exercícios em pacientes assintomáticos com aneurisma de aorta. Usamos os termos MeSH aortic aneurysm e exercise para as bases MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, LILACS, PeDRO, CINAHL, clinicaltrials.gov, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) e OpenGrey. Foram obtidas 1.189 referências. Cinco ensaios clínicos foram incluídos. Não houve morte ou rotura associada ao exercício. Além disso, este não reduziu a velocidade de crescimento do aneurisma em 12 semanas a 12 meses [diferença de médias (DM) −0,05; intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%) −0,13 a 0,03]. Seis semanas de exercícios pré-operatórios reduziram complicações clínicas renais e cardíacas (razão de risco 0,54; IC95% 0,31–0,93) e a permanência em unidade de terapia intensiva (DM −1,00; IC95% −1,26 a −0,74). Caminhadas nos períodos pré e pós-operatório reduziram a permanência hospitalar. A evidência foi classificada como de muito baixa qualidade.
 

Palavras-chave

aneurismas de aorta, aneurismas de aorta abdominal, exercícios, complicações pós-operatórias

References

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