Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.200070
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Case Report

Varizes pulsáteis simulando aneurisma de artéria femoral: relato de caso

Pulsatile varicose veins simulating femoral artery aneurysm: case report

Cleilson Almeida Marchesi; Márcia Porto Assis

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Resumo

Resumo: A regurgitação tricúspide severa é citada como fator associado ao desenvolvimento ou à recidiva de varizes em membros inferiores as quais podem, retrogradamente, apresentar um fluxo pulsátil. O diagnóstico etiológico diferencial desse achado ultrassonográfico deve ser feito com a pesquisa de fístulas arteriovenosas, tendo em vista as diferentes formas de tratamento. Dada a complexidade do estado geral dos pacientes com regurgitação tricúspide, a escolha do tratamento das varizes pulsáteis deve ser individualizada, fruto de uma avaliação multidisciplinar. Fazem parte do arsenal terapêutico todas as técnicas habitualmente empregadas no tratamento de varizes, bem como a associações entre elas a serem escolhidas levando-se em conta a gravidade das manifestações clínicas e o risco cardiovascular envolvido. Relatamos um caso de varizes pulsáteis secundárias a regurgitação tricúspide, diagnosticado durante a suspeita primária de aneurisma de artéria femoral em paciente de 73 anos, com a classificação clínica da doença venosa (CEAP) 4a, oligossintomática, tratada com medidas posturais e elastocompressão.

Palavras-chave

varizes, pulsáteis, regurgitação tricúspide, ultrassonografia vascular

Abstract

Severe tricuspid regurgitation is mentioned as a factor associated with development or recurrence of varicose veins in the lower limbs and may present with retrograde pulsatile flow. Differential etiological diagnosis of this ultrasound finding must include investigation of arteriovenous fistulas, since the treatment methods are different. Given the complexity of the general condition of patients with tricuspid regurgitation, treatment for pulsatile varices should be chosen on a case-by-case basis after multidisciplinary evaluation. All of the techniques commonly used to treat varicose veins are part of the therapeutic arsenal, as well as combinations of them, taking into account the severity of clinical manifestations and the cardiovascular risk involved. We report a case of pulsatile varices secondary to tricuspid regurgitation diagnosed when investigating a primary suspicion of femoral artery aneurysm in a 73-year-old patient, CEAP 4a, oligosymptomatic, who was treated with postural measures and elastic compression.

Keywords

varicose veins; pulsatile; tricuspid regurgitation; vascular ultrasound.

References

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Submitted date:
12/20/2020

Accepted date:
02/15/2021

60c0cd3ca953950cbf51e933 jvb Articles

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