Importância do destreinamento físico sobre a capacidade funcional em indivíduos com doença arterial obstrutiva crônica periférica: estudo transversal piloto
Importance of physical detraining in functional capacity of individuals with chronic peripheral arterial occlusive disease: a cross-sectional pilot study
Mabel Marciela Ahner; Adamastor Humberto Pereira; Alexandre Araújo Pereira; Gabriel Alves Fonseca; Gabriel Pereira dos Reis Zubaran; Débora dos Santos Macedo; Eduardo Lima Garcia; Leandro Tolfo Franzoni
Background: Physical training is a well-established strategy for rehabilitation of the functional capacity of individuals with chronic peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). However, some individuals quit training after participating in a physical training program, undergoing detraining. There is scant literature on the effects of physical detraining in individuals with PAOD and it is therefore important to investigate the effects of this phenomenon. Objectives: The objective of this article was to evaluate the effects of physical detraining on functional capacity in individuals with PAOD. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 22 individuals. Participants were divided into two groups: a detraining group (DG) and a control group (CG). The distance covered in the 6-minute walk test (6MWTD) and the pain-free walking distance (PFWD) were evaluated. The PFWD is the distance covered until claudication begins, i.e., the distance covered without pain. Results: Mean age was 66 ± 8 in the DG and 67 ± 7 in the CG. There were no differences between the groups in either the 6MWTD or the PFWD (p = 0.428; p = 0.537, respectively). Conclusions: The present pilot study allows us to conclude that the functional capacity of individuals with PAOD who participated in a physical training program and subsequently underwent detraining was not superior in relation to individuals who did not participate in a physical training program. The results of the present study serve to encourage maintenance of physical exercise, since physical training is no longer effective if detraining occurs.
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