Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.20140039
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Original Article

Relationships between severity of signs and symptoms and quality of life in patients with chronic venous disease

Estudo da relação entre a gravidade dos sinais, dos sintomas e da qualidade de vida em pacientes portadores de doença venosa crônica

Fabio Henrique Rossi; Marília Granzotto Volpato; Patrick Bastos Metzger; Camila Baumann Beteli; Bruno Lourenção de Almeida; Cybelle Bossolani Onofre Rossi; Nilo Mitsuru Izukawa

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic venous disease (CVD) is progressive and has a high prevalence in the economically active population. Its impact on the quality of life of affected individuals is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To test for correlations between the CEAP classification of CVD severity and CVD symptoms and quality of life of affected individuals. METHODS: We investigated 91 lower limbs in 59 patients with CVD (CEAP C1- C6). Patients were assessed with a Visual Analogue Pain Scale (VAPS), the Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS) and the SF-36 quality-of-life questionnaire. Spearman correlation coefficients were calculated. RESULTS: There were positive correlations between the CEAP classification and scores for VAPS (0.815, p <0.000), VCSS (0.937, p <0.000), and SF-36 in the dimensions Physical Functioning: -0.791, p <0.000; Role Physical: -0.839; p <0.000; Bodily Pain: -0.684; General Health: -0.617, p <0.000; Role Emotional: -0.691, p <0.000). There was no correlation with Vitality: -0.003, p=0.979; Role Social: -0.188, p=0.740 or Mental Health: -0.085, p=0.421. CONCLUSIONS: There were positive correlations between CEAP and both VAPS and VCSS. Chronic Venous Insufficiency progressively affects quality of life (SF-36). Physical and emotional aspects are more severe at later stages of CVD. Vitality, Mental Health and Role Social can be negatively impacted from the early stages of the disease.

Keywords

varicose veins, venous insufficiency, quality of life, signs and symptoms

Resumo

CONTEXTO: A doença venosa crônica (DVC) é a causa mais frequente dos sintomas vasculares que acometem os membros inferiores. É pouco estudada a relação entre seus sinais clínicos, a intensidade dos sintomas, e a qualidade de vida do indivíduo acometido. OBJETIVOS: Verificar se existe uma relação positiva entre a progressão da doença e a gravidade dos sintomas e a piora na qualidade de vida. MÉTODOS: Avaliamos 91 membros com classificação clínica CEAP entre C1 e C6. Os sintomas foram avaliados através da Escala Visual Analógica de Dor (EVAD), da Escala de Gravidade Clínica dos Sintomas Venosos (EGCSV) e pelo questionário de qualidade de vida SF-36. Foi verificada a presença de correlação entre essas variáveis através do método proposto por Spearman, considerando p significativo quando inferior a 0,05. RESULTADOS: Houve correlação positiva entre a gravidade da doença da DVC (CEAP C1-6) e a EVAD (0,815; p<0,000) e a EGCSV (0,937; p<0,000); observou-se correlação negativa com a SF-36 nos quesitos: Capacidade Funcional (-0,791; p<0,000); Limitação Física (-0,839; p<0,000); Dor (-0,684; p<0,000); Estado Geral de Saúde (-0,617; p<0,000); Aspectos Emocionais (-0,691; p<0,000). Não houve correlação com a Vitalidade (-0,003, p=0,979), Aspectos Sociais (-0,188, p=0,740) e Saúde Mental (-0,085, p=0,421). CONCLUSÕES: Na DVC, existe uma correlação positiva entre a gravidade dos sinais clínicos da doença e a intensidade dos sintomas, e correlação negativa com a qualidade de vida, que é gravemente comprometida, em seus aspectos físicos e emocionais. A vitalidade, a saúde mental e os aspectos sociais são comprometidos já nos estágios iniciais da doença.

Palavras-chave

varizes, insuficiência venosa, qualidade de vida, sinais e sintomas

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