Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.202300172
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Review Article

Duplex ultrasound and pedal acceleration time as tools to evaluate foot perfusion: a literature review

Ultrassonografia dúplex e tempo de aceleração plantar como ferramentas para avaliar a perfusão do pé: uma revisão da literatura

Drako de Amorim Souza; Pedro Victor Freitas Medrado; Vinícius Alves Santos; Carolline Xavier de Aguiar; Guilherme Souza Silva; Lucas Pereira Pintos de Sousa; Yasmin Bione Diniz Amando; Paulo Fernandes Saad

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Abstract

Currently, the standard non-invasive test for diagnosing Peripheral Arterial Disease is the Ankle-Brachial Index. However, this test becomes unfeasible in a certain population. New evidence proposes the pedal acceleration time, an ultrasound index, as an alternative test. An integrative bibliographic review was carried out between June 3, 2022 and January 8, 2023, to investigate this new index as a tool to assess foot perfusion. Papers published in English, Portuguese, or Spanish between 2012 and 2022 were searched on PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scielo, using the keywords “Peripheral Arterial Disease” AND “Acceleration Time” AND (Pedal OR Plantar). Research that didn’t assess foot perfusion using the methods of interest or did not present human data and also case series or reports were excluded. Seven out of the sixty-six articles identified in the searches were selected for the review, all of which had notable methodological limitations. Pedal acceleration time seems to be able to diagnose and stratify and may reflect prognosis.

Keywords

ultrasonography, duplex; peripheral arterial disease; foot

Resumo

Atualmente, o teste não invasivo padrão para diagnosticar a doença arterial periférica é o índice tornozelo-braquial, porém, em uma determinada população, este torna-se inviável. Novas evidências propõem o tempo de aceleração plantar, que é um índice ultrassonográfico, como alternativa. Para investigá-lo no contexto do estudo da perfusão do pé, uma revisão bibliográfica integrativa foi realizada entre 03/06/2022 e 08/01/2023. Artigos em inglês, português ou espanhol, publicados entre 2012 e 2022 foram pesquisados através das ferramentas PubMed, Google Scholar e SciELO, com as palavras-chave “Peripheral Arterial Disease” AND “Acceleration Time” AND (Pedal OR Plantar). Pesquisas que não avaliaram a perfusão do pé pelos métodos de interesse, sem dados em humanos e relatos ou séries de casos, foram excluídos. Dos 66 artigos, 7 foram selecionados; todos com notáveis limitações metodológicas. O tempo de aceleração plantar aparenta ser capaz de diagnosticar, estratificar e prognosticar os doentes.

Palavras-chave

ultrassonografia duplex; doença arterial periférica; pé

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Submitted date:
02/13/2023

Accepted date:
05/11/2023

Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV)"> Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV)">
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