Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/S1677-54492006000100007
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Original Article

Aneurismas toracoabdominais rotos

Ruptured thoracoabdominal aneurysms

Eduardo Faccini Rocha; Aline Meira Martins; Lucas Marcelo Dias Freire; Daniel Razi Gusmão; Ana Terezinha Guillaumon

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Resumo

OBJETIVO: Avaliar os dados pré, intra e pós-operatórios dos aneurismas toracoabdominais rotos operados no Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de cinco pacientes submetidos à correção de aneurisma toracoabdominal roto no Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas, entre setembro de 2000 e abril de 2004. Todos os pacientes apresentavam aneurisma toracoabdominal tipo IV roto, sendo que quatro estavam estáveis hemodinamicamente. Três pacientes foram operados com o simples pinçamento da aorta supracelíaca e infusão de soro fisiológico a 4 ºC nas artérias renais; um paciente evoluiu para óbito no intra-operatório antes da abertura do aneurisma; e um paciente foi operado utilizando-se perfusão de sangue oxigenado nas artérias viscerais. RESULTADOS: Dos cinco pacientes operados, dois foram a óbito (40%). Um deles apresentava instabilidade hemodinâmica e faleceu no intra-operatório; o outro faleceu no 26º dia pós-operatório com insuficiência de múltiplos órgãos. Todos os três sobreviventes evoluíram bem, sem seqüelas. Entre os pacientes que chegaram ao centro cirúrgico estáveis hemodinamicamente, a mortalidade foi de 25%. CONCLUSÕES: Pacientes com aneurisma toracoabdominal tipo IV roto, com estabilidade hemodinâmica, alcançam resultados cirúrgicos satisfatórios, semelhantes aos aneurismas rotos infra-renais.

Palavras-chave

Aneurisma toracoabdominal, aneurisma roto

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pre-, intra- and postoperative data of ruptured thoracoabdominal aneurysms operated at Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. METHODS: A retrospective study of five patients submitted to repair of ruptured thoracoabdominal aneurysm at Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas from September 2000 to April 2004. All patients presented a ruptured type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysm, and four of them were hemodynamically stable. Three patients were operated by the simple supraceliac aortic clamping and saline solution infusion at 4 ºC in the renal arteries; one patient died during the surgery before the aneurysm was opened; and one patient was operated by perfusion of oxygenated blood in the visceral arteries. RESULTS: Of the five patients operated, two died (40%). One of them presented hemodynamic instability and died during the surgery; the other patient died on the 26th postoperative day due to multiple organ failure. All three surviving patients progressed well, with no sequelae. Among patients who were taken to the operating room hemodynamically stable, the mortality rate was 25%. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with ruptured type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysm, hemodynamically stable, achieved satisfactory surgical results, similar to infrarenal ruptured aneurysms.

Keywords

Thoracoabdominal aneurysm, ruptured aneurysm

References

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