Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/S1677-54492006000400013
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Case Report

Fístula aorto-esofágica secundária a fratura de endoprótese torácica: relato de caso

Aortoesophageal fistula secondary to thoracic stent-graft fracture: a case report

Felipe Nasser; Adnan Neser; Jose Carlos Ingrund; Charles Edouard Zurstrassen; Flavio de Macedo Cavaleiro Ribeiro; Ricardo Vagner Moreira; Elias Arcenio Neto; Marcelo Calil Burihan; Orlando Costa Barros

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Resumo

O tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas aórticos torácicos tem se desenvolvido consideravelmente nos últimos anos. No entanto, complicações tardias desta nova modalidade terapêutica apenas agora estão sendo observadas e analisadas. Fístulas aorto-esofágicas são complicações raras do tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas aórticos, sendo encontrados poucos relatos na literatura. O presente caso reporta um paciente com aneurisma aórtico torácico tratado há 4 anos e complicado com fratura da endoprótese. Após nova intervenção endovascular, foi observada extrusão da antiga endoprótese através do esôfago com formação de fístula. Apesar do tratamento realizado, o paciente evoluiu a óbito 9 dias após por hemorragia digestiva maciça. Aspectos técnicos e revisão de literatura são discutidos.

Palavras-chave

Aneurisma, fístula, implante de prótese

Abstract

The endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms has undergone considerable development over the past years. However, late complications of this new therapeutic modality have only recently been observed and analyzed. Aortoesophageal fistulas are rare complications of the endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms, and there are few reports in the literature. We report a case of a patient with thoracic aortic aneurysm treated 4 years ago and with complications due to stent-graft fracture. After a new endovascular intervention, there was extrusion of the old graft through the esophagus with fistula formation. Despite the treatment, the patient died 9 days later due to massive digestive hemorrhage. Technical aspects and review of the literature are discussed.

Keywords

Aneurysm, fistula, graft implantation

References

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