Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/S1677-54492008000100014
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Case Report

Dor pélvica crônica: o papel da síndrome do quebra-nozes

Chronic pelvic pain: the role of the nutcracker syndrome

Marcelo Ferreira; Luiz Lanziotti; Giafar Abuhadba; Marcelo Monteiro; Luis Capotorto; José Luiz Spicacci

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Resumo

A dor pélvica crônica é um problema subdiagnosticado e relativamente comum nas mulheres. Alguns autores evidenciaram prevalência de até 15% entre mulheres de 18 a 50 anos, com repercussões sobre a qualidade de vida e sobre a economia. Dentre as causas de dor pélvica crônica, destaca-se a síndrome de congestão venosa pélvica, com quadro clínico caracterizado por diversos graus de dor, disúria, hematúria, dismenorréia, dispareunia e congestão vulvar, que pode ser acompanhado de varizes vulvares, descrito em 1949 por Taylor. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente portadora de dor pélvica crônica, na qual se diagnosticou o pinçamento da veia renal esquerda entre a aorta e a artéria mesentérica superior, com conseqüente quadro de hipertensão do plexo gonadal esquerdo, varizes pélvicas e sintomas de congestão pélvica. O tratamento realizado constou de embolização das varizes pélvicas, por método minimamente invasivo endovascular, com sucesso técnico e resolução dos sintomas em menos de 24 h.

Palavras-chave

Dor pélvica, varizes, veias renais, embolização, angioplastia

Abstract

Chronic pelvic pain is a problem at the same time common and underdiagnosed in women. Some literature reports show an incidence of up to 15% in women aged between 18-50 years, with impact over quality of life and economy. Among the causes of chronic pelvic pain, pelvic congestion syndrome stands out, characterized by pain, dysuria, hematuria, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia and vulvar congestion, often accompanied by vulvar varices, described in 1949 by Taylor. We herein report a case of a patient with chronic pelvic pain in whom we diagnosed a nutcracker syndrome, characterized by stenosis of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta, with consequent status of left gonadal plexus hypertension, pelvic varices and symptoms of pelvic congestion. The treatment was varicose pelvic veins embolization, through a minimally invasive endovascular approach, with immediate technical and clinical success in less than 24 hours.

Keywords

Pelvic pain, varicose veins, renal veins, embolization, angioplasty

References

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