Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/jvb.2014.052
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Original Article

Endovascular treatment of occlusive central venous disease: one center's experience

Tratamento endovascular da doença venosa oclusiva central: experiência de um centro

José; Manoel da Silva Silvestre; Fernando Barbosa Trevisan; Wander Eduardo Sardinha; Domingos Moraes Filho; Eduardo Durante Ramires; Silfayner Victor Mathias Dias; Henrique Matsuda

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The majority of cases of stenosis or occlusion of central veins are the result of central catheters, arteriovenous fistulas, neoplasms or traumas and these conditions can cause severe cases of venous hypertension or reduce the flow through fistulas. The objective of this study is to analyze the results of central venous angioplasties conducted at our hospital.METHODOLOGY: We conducted a retrospective and descriptive study to analyze the results of central venous angioplasties conducted from 2010 to 2012 at a university hospital run by the Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Brazil. We calculated primary and secondary success rates and analyzed whether or not stents were used and complications occurred during a 6-month follow-up period.RESULTS: A total of 25 central venous angioplasties were conducted. Twenty-four (96%) of these were because of catheter-related intimal hyperplasia and one was to treat the effects of compression by a tumor. Fifteen (60%) angioplasties were to correct stenosis and ten (40%) were because of occlusions, with a one-hundred percent success rate for all stenosis-related procedures. However, none of the cases of occlusion could be treated endovascularly. Patency during the 6-months follow-up period was 80% after reinterventions.CONCLUSIONS: Despite good results observed after primary interventions for stenoses, it must be accepted that all current treatment options for chronic occlusive venous disease will, sooner or later, lead to restenosis or occlusion. Venous occlusions constitute a challenge demanding the development of new techniques and new materials. Prevention is paramount, through avoidance of central catheterization and early creation of arteriovenous fistulas.

Keywords

angioplasty, stenosis venous, venous hypertension

Resumo

INTRODUÇÃO: A estenose ou a oclusão de veias centrais ocorre, na maioria das vezes, em consequência de catéteres centrais, fístulas arteriovenosas, neoplasias e traumas, podendo levar a quadros severos de hipertensão venosa e de redução do débito dessas fístulas. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar os resultados obtidos nas angioplastias venosas centrais em nosso hospital.METODOLOGIA: Realizamos um estudo retrospectivo, descritivo, analisando os resultados obtidos nas angioplastias venosas centrais realizadas no Hospital Universitário da Universidade Estadual de Londrina durante os anos de 2010 a 2012. Verificamos as taxas de sucesso primário e secundário, a utilização ou não de stents e as complicações, analisadas durante um período de acompanhamento de seis meses.RESULTADOS: Foram realizadas 25 angioplastias venosas centrais, sendo 24 (96%) por hiperplasia intimal relacionada ao uso de catéteres e uma por compressão tumoral. Destas, 15 (60%) eram estenoses e dez (40%) eram oclusões, obtendo-se sucesso primário técnico em todos os procedimentos relacionados à estenose. Contudo, nenhum caso de oclusão pode ser tratado por via endovascular. No acompanhamento de seis meses, após reintervenções, observamos perviedade de 80%.CONCLUSÃO: Apesar dos bons resultados observados nas intervenções primárias sobre as estenoses, indiscutivelmente todas as opções atuais para o tratamento da doença venosa oclusiva crônica irão levar, precoce ou tardiamente, à reestenose ou à oclusão. As oclusões venosas constituem uma incitação para o desenvolvimento de novas técnicas e novos materiais. A prevenção assume papel preponderante, com redução da implantação de catéteres centrais e da realização precoce de fístulas arteriovenosas.

Palavras-chave

angioplastia, estenose venosa, hipertensão venosa

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