Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://www.jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.008415
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Original Article

Resultados em longo prazo de embolização de endoleaks tipo II

Long-term outcomes of embolization of type II endoleaks

Eduardo da Silva Eli; Júlia Jochen Broering; David Ernesto Timaran; Carlos Hernando Timaran

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Resumo

Resumo Contexto Endoleaks tipo II são frequentes após o reparo endovascular de aneurismas de aorta. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o sucesso da embolização de endoleaks tipo II utilizando diferentes técnicas e materiais. Métodos Entre 2003 e 2015, 31 pacientes foram submetidos a embolização de endoleak tipo II, totalizando 41 procedimentos. Esses procedimentos foram conduzidos por acesso translombar, acesso femoral ou uma combinação de ambos, utilizando Onyx®18, Onyx®34, coils, plugue vascular Amplatzer® e trombina como material emboligênico. Sucesso foi definido como ausência de reintervenção. O teste de qui-quadrado e o teste exato de Fisher foram utilizados para a análise estatística. Resultados O tempo médio entre a correção do aneurisma de aorta e a embolização foi de 14 meses. Quinze (36%) das intervenções utilizaram Onyx®18; sete (17%) utilizaram coils e Onyx®34; seis (14%) utilizaram Onyx®34; quatro (10%) utilizaram coils e Onyx®18; quatro (10%) usaram Onyx®18 e Onyx®34; e três (7%) usaram coils e trombina; um (2%) usou coils e um (2%) usou Amplatzer®. Onze pacientes (35%) necessitaram de reintervenção. A taxa de sucesso foi de 71,43% (10) para os pacientes com as artérias lombares como fonte do endoleak, 80% (8) quando a fonte era a artéria mesentérica inferior e 40% (2) quando havia combinação de ambas (p & 0,05). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa com relação ao tipo de embolização, material emboligênico e tipo de reparo da aorta para a correção do aneurisma. Conclusões A terapia endovascular de endoleaks tipo II é um desafio, sendo necessária reintervenção em até 36% dos casos. A taxa de sucesso é menor quando o endoleak é nutrido pela combinação das artérias lombares e da artéria mesentérica inferior.

Palavras-chave

endoleak tipo II, embolização, endoleak

Abstract

Abstract Background Type II endoleaks are common after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term outcomes of embolization of type II endoleaks using different techniques and materials. Methods Between 2003 and 2015, 31 patients underwent embolization of type II endoleaks, in a total of 41 procedures. Patients underwent transarterial or translumbar embolization using Onyx®18, Onyx®34, coils, Amplatzer® plug and/or thrombin. Embolization success was defined as no endoleak reintervention. The chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test were used for statistical analysis. Results Median embolization time after aortic aneurysm repair was 14 months. Fifteen (36%) embolization interventions were performed using Onyx®18; seven (17%) with coils and Onyx®34; six (14%) with Onyx®34; four (10%) with coils and Onyx® 18; four with Onyx®18 and Onyx®34; three (7%) with coils and thrombin; one (2%) with coils; and one (2%) with an Amplatzer® device. Eleven patients (35%) required reintervention. The embolization success rate was 71.43% (10) for patients with lumbar arteries as the source of the endoleak, 80% (8) for the inferior mesenteric artery and 40% (2) when both inferior mesenteric artery and lumbar arteries were the culprit vessels (p & 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference with regards to type of embolization, embolic material or type of previous aortic repair. Conclusions Endovascular treatment of type II endoleaks is challenging and reintervention is needed in up to 36% of patients. Endoleaks supplied by both the inferior mesenteric artery and the lumbar arteries have a lower rate of success.

Keywords

type II endoleak, embolization, endoleak

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