Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Review Article

Reliability and validity of specific quality of life assessment questionnaires related to chronic venous insufficiency: a systematic review

Confiabilidade e validade dos questionários específicos de avaliação da qualidade de vida relacionada à insuficiência venosa crônica: uma revisão sistemática

Igor Lucas Geraldo Izalino de Almeida; Pedro Henrique Scheidt Figueiredo; Whesley Tanor Silva; Vanessa Amaral Mendonça; Ana Cristina Rodrigues Lacerda; Vanessa Pereira Lima; Alessandra de Carvalho Bastone; Henrique Silveira Costa

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Abstract: This systematic review aimed to discuss the main findings regarding the reliability and validity of health-related quality of life questionnaires for chronic venous insufficiency. Searches were performed on the MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, LILACS, and Scopus databases. The search terms used were related to “venous insufficiency”, and “quality of life”. The CIVIQ-20 and CIVIQ-14 instruments had adequate internal consistency and both were able to discriminate disease severity. The VEINES-QoL showed adequate internal consistency but was not able to discriminate disease severity. Most studies did not demonstrate a correlation between VEINES-QoL and the mental component of the SF-36. The AVVQ had inadequate reliability but its validity was also doubtful when compared to the SF-36. The VARIShort demonstrated good internal consistency, reproducibility, and validity, but only the original study was included. For venous leg ulcers, the CCVUQ showed adequate reliability and validity when compared to VLU-QoL.


venous insufficiency, quality of life, validation study, patient health questionnaire


Resumo: Esta revisão sistemática objetivou discutir os principais achados sobre a confiabilidade e validade dos questionários de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde na insuficiência venosa crônica. A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, LILACS e Scopus. Os termos de busca foram relacionados a “insuficiência venosa” e “qualidade de vida”. O Chronic Lower Limb Venous Insufficiency Questionnaire (CIVIQ)-20 e o CIVIQ-14 apresentaram consistência interna adequada e foram capazes de discriminar a gravidade da doença. O Venous Insufficiency Epidemiological and Economic Study – Quality of Life (VEINES-QoL) apresentou consistência interna adequada, mas não foi capaz de discriminar a gravidade da doença. A maioria dos estudos não demonstrou associação do VEINES-QoL com o componente mental do Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). O Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire (AVVQ) apresentou confiabilidade inadequada e validade duvidosa quando comparado ao SF-36. O VARIShort demonstrou consistência interna, reprodutibilidade e validade boas, mas apenas o estudo original foi incluído. Na úlcera venosa, o Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire (CCVUQ) apresentou confiabilidade e validade adequadas quando comparado ao Venous Leg Ulcer Quality of Life (VLU-QoL).


insuficiência venosa, qualidade de vida, estudo de validação, questionário de saúde do paciente


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